The sérendipité is the fact of realizing an unexpected discovery thanks to the fate and to the intelligence, during a search on a totally different subject.
He can involve or of an application which we looked for in no way, either of an unforeseen(unexpected) use in what we finalized(worked out).
For Robert King Merton the sérendipité is the surprising observation followed by a correct induction. A mental operation consisting in generalizing a reasoning or an observation from singular cases.
"Serendipity" is a word invented in 1754 by the English philosopher Sir Horatio WALPOLE, he(it) results from a novel of time(period) " The three princes of Serendib " (three princes of Ceylon) to whom the fate brought the solution of annoying situations where they fell
Paradox of Menon
It is not possible to the man to look neither for the fact that he knows nor what he does not know; because he(it) will not look for what he knows because he knows him(it) and because it does not need a search(research), nor what he does not know by the reason that he does not know for what he has to look.
In the scientific domain an idea is a preliminary semantic reflection. The idea of a still unknown and effective means to make something. The human intelligence supplies this capacity to arrest(dread), to organize the data of the situation, to put in relation the processes to use(employ) and to choose the original solutions.
The successes of him(it) Sérendipité is many.
The printer with ink jet, the pacemaker, the Walkman, the Viagra, the Post-It, the nylon, the teflon, the conductive polymers, the Kevlar, The soft margarine Nutella, Java (informatics language), etc. to speak only about recent examples.
It is this principle which the Big industrial Groups began to systematize at first in the United States, then now in Europe.
The first reaction in front of Sérendipité is to consider her(it) as counterproductive. In a world governs by the profitability and the efficiency, the fate has no its place(square).
Nevertheless Sérendipité has undeniable qualities. It is in particular a security of open-mindedness and creativity. Be allowed carry(wear) by the fate is the best means to find new sources of inspiration, new ideas …
Those who practise effectively Sérendipité, show ingenuity, intuition, attentiveness, perspicacity, that is constructive curiosity. The knowledge and the experience(experiment) of the witness(baton) of this combination of circumstances are necessary to transform him(it) into innovation.
The notion which hides behind the term of Sérendipité is the synthesis of the fate and the ingenuity. It is thus a question good capacity, and not only a discovery bound(connected) at random which is not enough.
“ The fate in the scientific discoveries smiles only to those who are prepared for it ” Louis Pasteur.